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Canada: Agglomerations

Provinces and Territories

The population of the Canadian provinces and territories according to official estimates.

NameStatusPopulation
Estimate
1997-07-01
Population
Estimate
2002-07-01
Population
Estimate
2007-07-01
Population
Estimate
2012-07-01
Population
Estimate
2017-07-01
Population
Estimate
2018-07-01
 
AlbertaProvince2,829,8483,128,2623,514,1473,874,5484,243,9954,307,110
British ColumbiaProvince3,948,5834,100,1614,290,9844,566,7694,922,1524,991,687
ManitobaProvince1,136,1281,156,6361,189,4511,249,9751,335,3961,352,154
New BrunswickProvince752,511749,379745,433758,378766,852770,633
Newfoundland and LabradorProvince550,911519,483509,055526,345528,567525,355
Northwest TerritoriesTerritory41,62541,69443,37243,64844,93644,541
Nova ScotiaProvince932,402935,155935,115943,635950,680959,942
NunavutTerritory25,88428,82231,39534,67237,55238,396
OntarioProvince11,227,65112,093,29912,764,80613,390,63214,071,44514,322,757
Prince Edward IslandProvince136,095136,876137,711144,530150,566153,244
Québec [Quebec]Province7,274,6117,441,4987,692,9168,061,1018,297,7178,390,499
SaskatchewanProvince1,017,902996,8161,002,0861,083,7551,150,7821,162,062
YukonTerritory31,79730,33732,55436,23439,62840,476
CanadaCountry29,905,94831,358,41832,889,02534,714,22236,540,26837,058,856

Major Metropolitan Areas

 NamePopulation
Estimate
2018-07-01
1Toronto6,341,935
2Montréal4,255,541
3Vancouver2,650,005
4Calgary1,486,050
5Edmonton1,420,916
6Ottawa - Gatineau1,414,399
7Winnipeg832,186
8Québec817,408
9Hamilton786,641

Contents: Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations

The population of all Canadian metropolitan areas and census agglomerations according to official estimates.

The Details icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, country of birth, mother tongue).

Name StatusProvince(s)Population
Estimate
1997-07-01
Population
Estimate
2002-07-01
Population
Estimate
2007-07-01
Population
Estimate
2012-07-01
Population
Estimate
2017-07-01
Population
Estimate
2018-07-01
 
Abbotsford - MissionMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia145,868155,316166,354176,538193,317196,007
AlmaCensus AgglomerationQuébec......32,16333,26032,91632,819
ArnpriorCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,06216,08616,65116,957
Baie-ComeauCensus AgglomerationQuébec......29,22028,74727,54027,202
BarrieMetropolitan AreaOntario146,495161,642186,501194,432206,592210,800
BathurstCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick......32,73531,95231,67231,665
Bay RobertsCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......10,60511,07011,33811,361
BellevilleMetropolitan AreaOntario......104,664104,710107,957109,932
BrandonCensus AgglomerationManitoba......52,02756,62960,82261,507
BrantfordMetropolitan AreaOntario123,674129,629136,502139,845145,590147,548
BrockvilleCensus AgglomerationOntario......40,74739,34139,72839,968
BrooksCensus AgglomerationAlberta......23,74224,97925,11624,989
CalgaryMetropolitan AreaAlberta868,6501,007,4691,155,5601,300,3521,459,3581,486,050
Campbell RiverCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......36,03836,99440,16640,848
CampbelltonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick / Québec......17,59217,13116,17816,134
CamroseCensus AgglomerationAlberta......16,70518,16419,11519,100
CanmoreCensus AgglomerationAlberta......12,61513,21014,84315,061
Cape Breton (Sydney)Census AgglomerationNova Scotia......106,827103,11699,81799,805
Carleton PlaceCensus AgglomerationOntario......28,77830,36133,40034,499
Centre Wellington (Fergus)Census AgglomerationOntario......26,99627,64029,50130,056
CharlottetownCensus AgglomerationPrince Edward Island......61,59168,15474,49776,728
Chatham-KentCensus AgglomerationOntario......111,170105,979105,304105,877
ChilliwackCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......88,69497,582108,921110,600
CobourgCensus AgglomerationOntario......18,78319,41420,02420,296
Cold Lake (Grand Centre)Census AgglomerationAlberta......12,93614,78915,08014,962
CollingwoodCensus AgglomerationOntario......18,20920,45422,66523,047
Corner BrookCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......31,34032,09232,38732,060
CornwallCensus AgglomerationOntario......60,34060,55461,46061,816
CourtenayCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......50,55153,05257,22358,085
CowansvilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec......12,27212,86014,05014,297
CranbrookCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......25,08025,69427,31227,582
Dawson CreekCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......11,64312,18513,02113,068
Dolbeau-MistassiniCensus AgglomerationQuébec......15,96615,91715,51715,529
DrummondvilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec......87,30893,04697,84898,758
DuncanCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......42,76043,95046,91847,630
EdmontonMetropolitan AreaAlberta900,471984,5551,104,3171,234,3701,391,1541,420,916
EdmundstonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick......24,29524,00723,98624,029
Elliot LakeCensus AgglomerationOntario......11,76311,30211,15211,305
EstevanCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......12,45013,73113,87713,623
Fort St. JohnCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......26,56528,31629,88429,957
FrederictonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick......93,391100,355106,227108,054
GanderCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......11,90713,13713,62413,609
GranbyCensus AgglomerationQuébec......76,54382,44586,54087,603
Grande PrairieCensus AgglomerationAlberta......52,37260,54265,41066,678
Grand Falls-WindsorCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......13,60514,06814,38814,313
Greater Sudbury (Grand Sudbury)Metropolitan AreaOntario168,582161,198167,308168,197169,632171,471
GuelphMetropolitan AreaOntario114,021131,172140,239147,992159,937162,612
HalifaxMetropolitan AreaNova Scotia355,526374,410386,402404,389421,968430,512
HamiltonMetropolitan AreaOntario643,286697,023721,376748,208777,821786,641
HawkesburyCensus AgglomerationOntario / Québec......12,48412,42112,40412,502
High RiverCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,45813,80914,12714,405
IngersollCensus AgglomerationOntario......12,20412,66313,36913,644
JolietteCensus AgglomerationQuébec......44,18847,85150,11250,558
KamloopsCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......97,468102,072110,477112,361
Kawartha Lakes (Lindsay)Census AgglomerationOntario......76,17775,52378,48779,667
KelownaMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia145,314155,950170,995186,126208,254212,311
KenoraCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,60815,70815,85715,989
KentvilleCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia......26,59427,01126,97927,301
KingstonMetropolitan AreaOntario148,855154,919158,849164,326169,655173,450
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo (Tri-Cities)Metropolitan AreaOntario400,687439,937492,486517,328553,500567,740
LachuteCensus AgglomerationQuébec......11,95512,73512,90813,063
LacombeCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,39112,58013,23513,278
LeamingtonCensus AgglomerationOntario......51,48050,62553,27352,202
LethbridgeMetropolitan AreaAlberta......101,924111,299122,506124,553
LloydminsterCensus AgglomerationAlberta / Saskatchewan......29,14233,28835,66335,805
LondonMetropolitan AreaOntario439,584458,586478,557491,853520,409532,984
MataneCensus AgglomerationQuébec......18,76318,45317,92517,810
Medicine HatCensus AgglomerationAlberta......72,90076,15678,67379,294
MidlandCensus AgglomerationOntario......36,53136,13738,03739,191
Miramichi (Chatham - Douglastown)Census AgglomerationNew Brunswick......29,05428,21527,96927,983
MonctonMetropolitan AreaNew Brunswick119,352123,776132,060142,812150,492152,604
MontréalMetropolitan AreaQuébec3,423,5963,570,4983,820,6274,031,8444,189,4254,255,541
Moose JawCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......34,20835,53536,22736,274
NanaimoCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......96,089101,242111,122112,881
NelsonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......17,47318,33719,19419,371
New GlasgowCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia......36,76536,30134,97434,869
Norfolk (Simcoe)Census AgglomerationOntario......64,61564,43467,01468,681
North BattlefordCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......18,35719,58720,08919,972
North BayCensus AgglomerationOntario......74,13474,07873,20673,585
OkotoksCensus AgglomerationAlberta......19,36326,61929,95130,421
OrilliaCensus AgglomerationOntario......31,37431,79232,58033,136
OshawaMetropolitan AreaOntario284,834315,099347,901372,378398,488405,631
Ottawa - Gatineau (National Capital Region)Metropolitan AreaOntario / Québec1,036,8361,126,3211,205,6321,303,5361,384,9391,414,399
Owen SoundCensus AgglomerationOntario......33,21532,66332,91133,199
ParksvilleCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......27,29328,12930,46830,860
PembrokeCensus AgglomerationOntario......24,24124,93423,89723,970
PentictonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......42,60743,21845,52246,128
PetawawaCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,70016,66217,99518,233
PeterboroughMetropolitan AreaOntario111,976116,736120,672122,472127,342131,283
Portage la PrairieCensus AgglomerationManitoba......13,03113,16513,57313,720
Port AlberniCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......25,87725,66326,25726,720
Port HopeCensus AgglomerationOntario......16,85216,56117,48717,726
Powell RiverCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......17,03816,86217,44817,626
Prince AlbertCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......43,07245,02446,17846,387
Prince GeorgeCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......86,69486,84691,98592,792
Prince RupertCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......13,65413,30213,32613,354
QuébecMetropolitan AreaQuébec689,763708,728738,487783,564810,723817,408
QuesnelCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......23,47423,96224,13424,274
Red DeerCensus AgglomerationAlberta......89,08596,875103,396103,759
ReginaMetropolitan AreaSaskatchewan199,777196,908203,144225,236251,602257,337
RimouskiCensus AgglomerationQuébec......52,36054,63055,69055,840
Rivière-du-LoupCensus AgglomerationQuébec......28,24429,16629,23929,458
Rouyn-NorandaCensus AgglomerationQuébec......40,38741,67842,82742,887
Saguenay (Chicoutimi - Jonquière)Metropolitan AreaQuébec161,188160,973158,111161,163161,667162,057
Sainte-MarieCensus AgglomerationQuébec......11,96313,13213,72413,807
Saint-GeorgesCensus AgglomerationQuébec......30,17831,78032,81433,206
Saint-HyacintheCensus AgglomerationQuébec......55,87258,06560,01160,133
Saint JohnMetropolitan AreaNew Brunswick128,162125,856126,700129,827129,549130,107
Salaberry-de-ValleyfieldCensus AgglomerationQuébec......40,02040,33941,28241,663
Salmon ArmCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......17,06117,81618,90119,307
SarniaCensus AgglomerationOntario......99,57799,54798,58399,625
SaskatoonMetropolitan AreaSaskatchewan230,357232,779246,052280,764315,598322,568
Sault Ste. MarieCensus AgglomerationOntario......82,87482,21280,27880,031
Sept-ÎlesCensus AgglomerationQuébec......28,14328,98928,31528,287
ShawiniganCensus AgglomerationQuébec......56,12854,66954,22354,292
SherbrookeMetropolitan AreaQuébec174,709185,838194,838206,578215,786218,797
Sorel-TracyCensus AgglomerationQuébec......41,30741,70041,61241,566
SquamishCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......16,10218,38821,51121,881
St. Catharines - NiagaraMetropolitan AreaOntario381,539394,772402,845404,524422,378429,036
SteinbachCensus AgglomerationManitoba......11,95214,91316,25116,315
St. John'sMetropolitan AreaNewfoundland and Labrador184,286177,681186,173204,542212,401212,501
StratfordCensus AgglomerationOntario......31,66231,85532,77033,230
StrathmoreCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,26013,02414,09014,214
SummersideCensus AgglomerationPrince Edward Island......16,47317,01317,12117,325
Swift CurrentCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......17,00618,22419,26319,359
Sylvan LakeCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,72114,02315,66515,684
TerraceCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......15,84715,96916,43716,496
Thetford MinesCensus AgglomerationQuébec......28,94728,93428,62228,729
ThompsonCensus AgglomerationManitoba......13,82313,49014,48414,579
Thunder BayMetropolitan AreaOntario133,371126,800125,977125,024125,630126,481
TillsonburgCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,34116,11616,64916,982
TimminsCensus AgglomerationOntario......44,51444,31542,68242,603
Toronto (Greater Toronto Area)Metropolitan AreaOntario4,493,0655,004,0115,415,7655,852,6026,216,6376,341,935
Trois-RivièresMetropolitan AreaQuébec142,397143,138147,126153,875158,118159,078
TruroCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia......46,29746,92646,51946,432
Val-d'OrCensus AgglomerationQuébec......32,90033,91434,07334,201
VancouverMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia1,957,7662,098,1702,216,9482,419,0302,610,6052,650,005
VernonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......57,63760,12364,49465,294
VictoriaMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia318,159328,301342,052358,422390,613395,523
VictoriavilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec......44,26447,37049,66750,154
Wasaga BeachCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,97218,65722,04222,879
WetaskiwinCensus AgglomerationAlberta......12,25213,08513,13713,284
WeyburnCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......9,76710,92211,28511,329
WhitehorseCensus AgglomerationYukon......24,62428,05531,22431,924
Williams LakeCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......19,38418,85419,02719,144
WindsorMetropolitan AreaOntario299,666326,624335,457329,884341,141349,718
WinklerCensus AgglomerationManitoba......23,95528,23931,84432,376
WinnipegMetropolitan AreaManitoba683,782700,054719,269756,937818,437832,186
Wood Buffalo (Fort McMurray)Census AgglomerationAlberta......58,97474,19773,72573,797
WoodstockCensus AgglomerationOntario......37,35139,97043,08644,319
YellowknifeCensus AgglomerationNorthwest Territories......19,67820,19921,40521,334
YorktonCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......17,91318,95219,53419,527

Source: Statistics Canada (web).

Explanation: Boundaries of metropolitan areas and census agglomerations according to the definition of 2016. Later population estimates consider the results of the 2016 census. In contrast to census figures, the tabulated population estimates are adjusted for underenumeration.